On 12 July, 2007, in Minsk took place the solemn ceremony of the signing of contract on the creation of the Belorussian space complex of the remote sensing of the Earth (KK dzz). From the Belorussian side the first Deputy Chairman of the presidium of the National Academy of the Sciences of Belarus' Peter vityaz' signed contract, with the Russian - general director- general designer OF FGUP "RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE VNIIEM - ALL-UNION SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMECHANICS" of Leonid makridenko. In the ceremony of signing participated the executives of the number of ministries and departments of republic Belarus' and Roskosmosa.
Work on the creation of Belorussian space complex will be carried out in accordance with the President's Decree of Belarus' A.Lukashenko of 14 June, 2007, "about the development of Belorussian space branch".
The space complex is created for the regular and operational security and support of needs of republic Belarus' for the space information with the high spatial resolution.
By contract it is provided for to create contemporary, that corresponds to the world level Belorussian KA of the remote sensing of the Earth (on risunoke) and ground-based complex of control.
In the creation Belorussian KK dzz will participate both Russian and Belorussian enterprises. The starting of Belorussian KA will be realized together with Russian KA "Canopus- V".
Is at present signed acts the agreement between Roskosmosom and National Academy of the Sciences, where the sides took upon themselves the obligations to contribute to the realization of this project.
Furthermore, by Russian and Belorussian sides is examined a question of the creation of the united space group in the composition of Russian KA "Canopus- V" and Belorussian KA dzz.
It also reported that in 2009 will be neglected the Russian satellite "Canopus- V" of development BY VNIIEM - ALL-UNION SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ELECTROMECHANICS. Satellite is intended for monitoring of natural and technogenic extraordinary situations, in particular, earthquakes and forest fires.
In FSUE «PNP VNIIEM» May 13, 2009 with another arrived specialists «Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.» (SSTL). The purpose of the visit - refinement and testing of equipment supplied by SSTL for the project «Kanopus-B». Together with Russian colleagues - specialists FSUE «PNP VNIIEM», working on a spacecraft «Kanopus-B», SSTL representatives will participate in the testing stages for the input control of the equipment supplied.
The launch for the Disaster Monitoring Constellation "Kanopus-V" together with the Belarusian spacecraft remote sensing "BelKA-2" is planned for the fourth quarter of 2010, told Interfax-AVN on Tuesday, Deputy Head of Federal Space Agency Anatoly Shilov.
The launch of a Belarusian remote- sensing satellite, which has been designed by the Research and Production Enterprise-All-Russia Research Institute of Electromechanics (VNIIEM), has been postponed until 2011, a spokesman for the Russian space rocket sector told Interfax-AVN.
“Initially, we planned to place the Belarusian satellite into orbit in 2009, but the launch of the satellite was postponed until 2010 because it was not ready. It is clear today that this launch could take place no earlier than the first quarter of 2011,” the spokesman said.
The Belarusian satellite is intended to help detect potential natural and industrial disasters in advance, as well as control forestry resources in Belarus.
The launch of the Kanopus-V 1 emergency situations monitoring satellite, which has also been developed by VNIIEM, has been postponed as well, the spokesman said.
Both the Kanopus-V 1 and the Belarusian satellite are based on similar technological solutions, and they face the same problems, he said.
A Dnepr launch vehicle, a converted ICBM, carrying the first Belarusian satellite BelKA crashed shortly after take off from the Baikonur space center in Kazakhstan early on July 27, 2006. The satellite was insured for $16 million. All of the compensation payments were made by the middle of October 2006.
NPP VNIIEM has almost completed development of two remote sensing spacecraft Canopus and BKA. Currently, Belorussian BKA undergoes TVTs. Tests of Canopus also continue.
The spacecraft, 400kg each to be launched in March 2011, will provide imagery with resolution of about 2m.
In the assembly and testing facility site 31 th Baikonur staff calculations Russian space industry have begun preliminary work with the carrier rocket Soyuz-FG, which run in a cluster to be put into orbit a Russian spacecraft in Canopus, as well as satellites of the BKA, ICA-FCI N1 (probe-PP), ADS-1B, TET-1. Pneumatic tests are carried out blocks of the first stage booster, holds the second stage assembly of the rocket. Space rocket Soyuz-FG Fregat "and a cluster of five spacecraft tentatively scheduled for May 7.
"Canopus in the" made in the Russian company VNIIEM and is designed for remote sensing. The satellite weighs about 400 pounds, he will be placed on a circular orbit altitude of 510 kilometers, it is assumed that the spacecraft will work in orbit for five years, providing consumers with pictures of the surface of the earth at a resolution of 2.1 meters (panchromatic camera) and 10.5 meters ( multispectral camera).
"Canopus" - the latest development of the All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Mechanics. Small size and global problems - the main characteristics of the "Canopus". Small Spacecraft - for operational monitoring of emergency situations. With the help of two cameras installed on the satellite - panchromatic and multispectral - with an altitude of 510 kilometers, "Canopus" advance warning of impending disaster.
The joint launch of the Russian and Belarusian satellite remote sensing carrier rocket Soyuz-FG carrier rocket from the Baikonur held not earlier than autumn 2011.
- Until September start do not wait. Tightened factory testing satellites - told a source. His words led " Interfax-West ". Previously reported that the launch is planned on August 25.
In late February, the Deputy Head of Federal Space Agency Anatoly Shilov, responding to a question from Interfax-AVN, why start constantly postponed, said:
- Very difficult. For the first time everything is done, and therefore tolerated.
According to him, there are difficulties with the control system, manufactured in the UK company SSTL.
- She finished and handed over to Russian customers. But the British decided to double-check everything possible and impossible emergencies, which may be a satellite, so that later on Earth, when it suddenly happens, do not look for a solution that - said Anatoly Shilov.
Recall satellite "Canopus B" made the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Electromechanics and is designed for remote sensing. The satellite weighs about 400 pounds and will be launched into circular orbit altitude of 510 kilometers.
Belarusian spacecraft on the device and the task is similar to satellite "Canopus B" In orbit two satellites will be required to draw up a unified system of Earth remote sensing.
Soon the sky will be a new "Canopus" man-made, born at the Institute of Electromechanics. The satellite weighs 400 kilograms. The shape - a rectangle. And this form - is not accidental. This is a prime example of fashion today, Lego technology. Each panel met on a separate stocks. Then these blocks piled apparatus. The system of satellites, "Canopus" will help solve the global problem - the prediction of emergency situations. From a height of 500 kilometers, they will give the image of natural disasters. Launch into orbit is planned for early summer.
These days Russian rocket "Soyuz" put into orbit the first Belarusian satellite. At the same time it flew into space, and Russian spacecraft "Canopus." Both the satellite remote sensing are built in Moscow in the "Research Institute of Electromechanics." With the launch of satellites into orbit Twin Russia and Belarus to create a space group, which will operate in a single space system.
Insulation jacket of gold sewn so tenderly, as if her child. They have twins: BKA Belarusian and Russia's "Canopus", named after the second brightest star in the sky. The last hours before the launch of satellite sensing.
George Akopov, technical manager for Testing Spacecraft Corporation "VNIIEM" says: "This ( ca.: red parts), the so-called removable parts. There is a list on which we have to report that they are all removed. This is to draw attention to in any case, the red is not departed. "
George Akopov - one of the fathers of these devices. Supervises exits, which needs to be done before starting. "There's all optics - explains George Akopov - optics must be cleaned before start-up, clean and these operations are done at the last moment before the knurled shroud."
A few moments more, and the fruit of years of work the whole team is hidden under the payload fairing. These satellites are created in the "Research Institute of Electromechanics" in Moscow. It is not easy, as is often the case with breakthrough projects.
Alexander Gorbunov, deputy director of the corporation "VNIIEM" explains: "The first time the device with a resolution of 2 meters panhrome, who weighs 500 pounds. For comparison - "Resource-DK", who worked in the meter range, weighed about 6 tons. This is a significant step forward in terms of small-sized vehicles. "
The fact that Russia badly needed these satellites, as shown once again "Resource-DK", literally saved the country from forest fires two years in a row. Firstborn "VNIIEM" - "Canopus", together with his brother-Byelorussian - just the start grouping similar devices. Symbolically, it was laid in the beginning of the year the 70th anniversary of the company.
"For all the years of its existence - says CEO of" VNIIEM "Leonid Makridenko - for 70 years," VNIIEM "has launched more than 70 satellites for various purposes. And the total flight time of our spacecraft is more than 70 years in space, if all of them put together. "
Abnormal heat at Baikonur, unprecedented fires in Siberia, the tragic floods in the south. Nature seemed to push - it needs to be watched. "Canopus" in the help.
The roar of engines ... and silence. Before satellites will transmit the first information from the orbit, a silence to ... touch wood. Startoviki did their job well, and now work in full swing in the Mission Control Center "Research Institute of Electromechanics," which created the machines.
Flight testing will continue for several months, but after a couple of weeks we can expect the first shots of the device with the name of the second brightest star of the sky.
The experimental Canopus-B satellite (developed by the VNIIEM Corporation) was also launched last year. It is now undergoing flight and technical tests. Its purpose is to monitor emergency situations, detect forest fires, and monitor agricultural activities and water resources.
According to the results of the tests, the satellite was already considered suitable for work, and this series will be continued. The next Canopuses will be outfitted with new infrared equipment. Their first launch is scheduled for 2015. Finally, after the Resource-P №1 launch, the second and third satellites of this series should be launched in 2013 and 2015 respectively.
Canopus - one of the brightest stars of the southern sky, which is also called guiding. Also called and the new spacecraft, which create the Moscow Institute of Electromechanics. Exactly six months in orbit the first man-made works "Canopus". Today experts VNIIEM build new spacecraft, whose main task - to help the earthlings.
In this assembly and test complex pay special attention to cleanliness. There spacecraft are the final stage of assembly prior to shipment to the launch site. Establish scientific instruments, stuffed with sophisticated electronics. In the new research, the Institute of Electromechanics was the first, which was attended by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, and the head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin.
Solar activity, and as a result, the disturbance of the atmosphere, leading to failure in the reception of radio signals. The main task of the small spacecraft "Ionozond" - continuous monitoring of the ionosphere. A guarantee that the information from satellite communications and navigation will act without interference.
"These antennas - the basic unit of payload. It is a low-frequency radar, it provides data sensing of the ionosphere, which is below the apparatus, and obtaining data about its condition. Such devices are already four of them, and they will provide global coverage and prompt receipt of all data ionospheric "- says Chief Designer" Ionosonde "Vladimir Kozhevnikov.
Corporation VNIIEM the next two years will make 12 hydrometeorological satellites, remote sensing and geophysical monitoring.
"In December 2015 (scheduled to run - Interfax-AVN)" Meteor-M »№2.1, in December 2016 -" Meteor-M »№2.2. In 2015 - two spacecraft "Ionozond."
In 2016 two more spacecraft "Ionozond." In 2016, four spacecraft «Canopus-B." In 2015, another spacecraft «Canopus-B-IR" and the proactive development of our spacecraft to conduct experiments on new technologies ", - the general director of RPC" VNIIEM "Leonid Makridenko.
In June 2014 and plans to launch a space vehicle "Meteor-M» №2.
At the same time, deputy head of the Russian Space Agency Valery Zaichko told "Interfax" that due to organizational problems the launch of "Meteor-M» №2 can be transferred.
According to the signed agreement, Russian companies will help Iran to create its own remote-sensing system which is used for gathering information about the Earth's surface, atmosphere and oceans.
Russian company NPK BARL will be responsible for building and adapting the system’s ground infrastructure, while another Russian company, VNIIEM, is tasked with building and launching the satellites. Iran’s Bonyan Danesh Shargh will be the operating company.
“The pre-contractual arrangement covers the development of an earth remote-sensing system based on an upgraded version of the Kanopus-V1 (Canopus-B) observation satellite,” Russia’s VNIIEM Corporation CEO Leonid Makridenko said, as cited by the RIA Novosti news agency.
"The launch on a Russian Soyuz carrier rocket is tentatively scheduled for 2018," he added.
The launch of the Russian earth remote sensing satellite Kanopus-V-IK has also been postponed from October till December 22
The second Kanopus V satellite has been modified with an added infrared imaging payload. The Kanopus V satellites are being used for mapping, disaster monitoring, detection of forest fires, studying space-based methods for earthquake prediction, land resources and agricultural activity monitoring and operational applications. A total of six Kanopus satellites are expected to be launched until 2020.
The 72 smallsats flying on the Soyuz launch scheduled for the morning of July 14 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan will fly as secondary payloads, with the Kanopus-V-IK remote sensing satellite serving as the primary payload.
Joint project for fundamental space researches with IZMIRAN, Russia called “Joint Development of Methods and Apparatus for Carrying out Satellite Measurements of Electromagnetic Fields within the Ionosphere above Natural Disasters Areas within project “Vulcan,” development and fulfillment of electronic units of electrical sensors as well as Control Measurement Apparatus. It has been taken part in field tests.